In spite of the major progress in these last decades, cardiovascular and cancer remain the two leading cause of mortality worldwide. With the aging of the population, the incidence of both cancer and cardiac disease is constantly rising, and there are more and more patients with cardiac problems that also develop a cancer. In addition, with the increase in the life of cancer patients comes a higher incidence of cardiac complications. These issues of public health have been reinforcing the cooperation between oncologists with cardiologists, leading to the recent creation of the International Cardioncology Society, which is dedicated to the cardiovascular care of cancer patients. The ultimate objective of cardio-oncology is to exploit the benefits of modern cancer therapy by minimizing its adverse effects on the cardiovascular system.